Sunday, November 29, 2009

HISTORY OF DASHNAMI

History


Dasnami Sampradaya One of the major achievements of Acharya Shankaracharya was to organize the Hindu monasticism. He divided the Hindu monks into ten sects called "Dasnami" and organized them under four heads with the Headquarters at Dwaraka in the West, Jagannatha Puri in the East, Rameswaram in the South and Badrikashrama in the North. These became the four sacred "Dhams", "Holy Places" of the Hindus. He also enumerated other details of the order of Hindu monks grouped under these heads for their identity. Although there are today a number of Hindu monastic sects, the most authentic are the ten established by Acharya Shankaracharya .



Dasanama Sanyasins


Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanat-Kumara and Sanat-Sujata were the four mind-born sons of Lord Brahma. They refused to enter the Pravritti Marga or worldly life and entered the Nivritti Marga or the path of renunciation. The four Kumaras were the pioneers in the path of Sannyasa. Sri Dattatreya also is among the original Sannyasins. The Sannyasins of the present day are all descendants of the four Kumaras, Dattatreya and Sankaracharya.Sri Sankaracharya, regarded as an Avatara of Lord Siva and the eminent exponent of Kevala Advaita philosophy, established four Maths (monasteries) one at Sringeri, another at Dvaraka, a third at Puri and a fourth at Joshi Math in the Himalayas, on the way to Badrinarayana shrine.Sri Sankara had four Sannyasin disciples, viz., Suresvara, Padmapada, Hastamalaka and Totaka. Suresvara was in charge of Sringeri Math, Padmapada was in charge of Puri Math, Hastamalaka was in charge of Dvarka Math and Totaka was in charge of Joshi Math.The Sannyasins of Sringeri Math, the spiritual descendants of Sri Sankara and Suresvacharya, have three names, viz., Sarasvati, Puri and Bharati. The Sannyasins of the Dvaraka Math have two names, viz., Tirtha and Asrama. The Sannyasins of the Puri Math have two names, viz., Vana and Aranya. The Sannyasins of the Joshi Math have three names, viz., Giri, Parvata and Sagara.The Dasanamis worship Lord Siva or Lord Vishnu, and meditate on Nirguna Brahman. The Dandi Sannyasins, who hold staff in their hands, belong to the order of Sri Sankara. Paramhansa Sannyasins do not hold staff. They freely move about as itinerant monks. Avadhutas are naked Sannyasins. They do not keep any property with them.The Sannyasins of the Ramakrishna Mission belong to the order of Sri Sankara. They have the name Puri.Then, there are Akhada Sannyasins, viz., Niranjana Akhada and Jhuni Akhda. They belong to the order of Sri Sankara. They are Dasanamis. They are found in the Uttar Pradesh State only.Rishikesh and Haridwar are colonies for Sannyasins. Varanasi also is among the chief abodes of Sannyasins.

Source: Internet

6 comments:

  1. Can you please site any reference in support of your information that sannyasis of Ramkrishna mission belong to Puri sampradaya of dashnami sampradaya?

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    1. Swami Ramakrishna Paramhansa himself was not a sannyasi but can be classified in the class of Goswamis that is saints who were married and had families. In this class of Goswamis come Shri Tulasidas, Shri Brahmanand, Shri Charandas, Shri Jayadeva, Shri Malukdas and the entire ten gurus of the Sikhs. Swami Tota Puri was the disciple of Swami Anand Puri of Rajasthan who was the guru of Swami Advaitanand Puri whose disciple Swami Swarupanand Puri founded the Advait-Swarup order in which prominent names are Swami Param Gyananand Puri and Swami Vairaganand Puri of the Anandpur Math. Swami Vivekananda a true sannyasi took oath of sannyas aashram along with his brother disciples of Shri Ramakrishna Paramhans and Swamiji had called his guru Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansa as the Sthaapaka (Founder) of the Ramakrishna Mission. Sannyasis of the Bharat Sewashram Sangha are all Giri because the the founder Swami Pranavananda Giri was a disciple of Swami Govindanda Giri of Varanasi.

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    2. Sri Totaluri, the sannyasa-guru of Sri Ramakrishna,was from Dera Baba Rajpuri of Baba Ladana near Kaithal, Hariyana.He was a disciple of Sri Jnanapuri, the fifth mohant of the dera. Tota became the sixth mohant.

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  2. Ramakrishna Paramhansa's guru was Totapuri. This information is taken from Swmi Sivananda Sarasswati;s book All About Hinduism.

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  3. Om Nmh Narayan To All Dasnaami Goswami Bandhu...
    Jay........
    Dasnaam...............................

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  4. Wt is the identity to say that dasnami is Hindu religion??

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